Extraordinary claims, extraordinary evidence? A discussion


Roberts (2020, Learning & Behavior, 48[2], 191–192) discussed research claiming honeybees can do arithmetic. Some readers of this research might regard such claims as unlikely. The present authors used this example as a basis for a debate on the criterion that ought to be used for publication of results or conclusions that could be viewed as unlikely by a significant number of readers, editors, or reviewers.


Shiffrin, R. M., Matzke, D., Crystal, J. D., Wagenmakers, E., Chandramouli, S. H., Vandekerckhove, J., Zorzi, M., Morey, R., & Murphy, M. C. (2021). Extraordinary claims, extraordinary evidence? A discussion. Learning & Behavior, 49, 540.


    title   = {{E}xtraordinary claims, extraordinary evidence? {A} discussion},
    author  = {Shiffrin, Richard M. and Matzke, Dora and Crystal, Jonathan D. and Wagenmakers, Eric-Jan and Chandramouli, Suyog H. and Vandekerckhove, Joachim and Zorzi, Marco and Morey, Richard and Murphy, Mary C.},
    year    = {2021},
    journal = {Learning \& Behavior},
    volume  = {49},
    pages   = {540}