Publications

     

Time-varying boundaries for diffusion models of decision making and response time

S. Zhang and M. D. Lee and J. Vandekerckhove and G. Maris and E.-J. Wagenmakers Diffusion models are widely-used and successful accounts of the time course of two-choice decision making. Most diffusion models assume constant boundaries, which are the threshold levels of evidence that must be sampled from a stimulus to reach a decision. We summarize theoretical results from statistics that relate distributions of decisions and response times to diffusion models with time-varying boundaries. We then develop a computational method for finding time-varying boundaries from empirical data, and apply our new method to two problems. The first problem involves finding the time-varying boundaries that make diffusion models equivalent to the alternative sequential sampling class of accumulator models. The second problem involves finding the time-varying boundaries, at the individual level, that best fit empirical data for perceptual stimuli that provide equal evidence for both decision alternatives. We discuss the theoretical and modeling implications of using time-varying boundaries in diffusion models, as well as the limitations and potential of our approach to their inference. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01364

Citation

Zhang, S., Lee, M. D., Vandekerckhove, J., Maris, G., & Wagenmakers, E.-J. (2014). Time-varying boundaries for diffusion models of decision making and response time. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1364.

BibTeX

@article{zhang2014time,
  title     = {Time-varying boundaries for diffusion models of decision making and response time},
  author    = {Zhang, S. and Lee, M. D. and Vandekerckhove, J. and Maris, G. and Wagenmakers, E.-J.},
  journal   = {Frontiers in Psychology},
  year      = {2014},
  volume    = {5},
  pages     = {1364},
  doi       = {10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01364},
}