Publications

     

Poor stimulus discriminability as a common neuropsychological deficit between ADHD and reading ability in young children: a moderated mediation model

P. S. Lucio and G. A. Salum and L. A. P. Rohde and A. Gadelha and W. Swardfager and J. Vandekerckhove and P. M. Pan and G. Polanczyk and M. C. do Rosario and A. P. Jackowski and J. d. J. Mari and H. Cogo-Moreira Background
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is frequently associated with poorer reading ability; however, the specific neuropsychological domains linking this co-occurrence remain unclear. This study evaluates information-processing characteristics as possible neuropsychological links between ADHD symptoms and RA in a community-based sample of children and early adolescents with normal IQ (≥70).
Method
The participants (n = 1857, aged 6-15 years, 47% female) were evaluated for reading ability (reading single words aloud) and information processing [stimulus discriminability in the two-choice reaction-time task estimated using diffusion models]. ADHD symptoms were ascertained through informant (parent) report using the Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA). Verbal working memory (VWM; digit span backwards), visuospatial working memory (VSWM, Corsi Blocks backwards), sex, socioeconomic status, and IQ were included as covariates.
Results
In a moderated mediation model, stimulus discriminability mediated the effect of ADHD on reading ability. This indirect effect was moderated by age such that a larger effect was seen among younger children.
Conclusion
The findings support the hypothesis that ADHD and reading ability are linked among young children via a neuropsychological deficit related to stimulus discriminability. Early interventions targeting stimulus discriminability might improve symptoms of inattention/hyperactivity and reading ability.
DOI: 10.1017/S0033291716002531

Citation

Lucio, P. S., Salum, G. A., Rohde, L. A. P., Gadelha, A., Swardfager, W., Vandekerckhove, J., Pan, P. M., Polanczyk, G. V., do Rosario, M. C., Jackowski, A. P., Mari, J. d. J., & Cogo-Moreira, H. (2017). Poor stimulus discriminability as a common neuropsychological deficit between ADHD and reading ability in young children: a moderated mediation model. Psychological Medicine, 47, 255–266.

BibTeX

@article{lucio2017poor,
  title     = {Poor stimulus discriminability as a common neuropsychological deficit between ADHD and reading ability in young children: a  moderated mediation model},
  author    = {Lucio, P. S. and Salum, G. A. and Rohde, L. A. P. and Gadelha, A. and Swardfager, W. and Vandekerckhove, J. and Pan, P. M. and Polanczyk, G. V. and do Rosario, M. C. and Jackowski, A. P. and Mari, J. d. J. and Cogo-Moreira, H.},
  journal   = {Psychological Medicine},
  year      = {2017},
  volume    = {47},
  pages     = {255--266},
  doi       = {10.1017/S0033291716002531},
}