Publications

     

The EZ diffusion model provides a powerful test of simple empirical effects

D. van Ravenzwaaij and C. Donkin and J. Vandekerckhove Over the last four decades, sequential accumulation models for choice response times have spread through cognitive psychology like wildfire. The most popular style of accumulator model is the diffusion model (Ratcliff Psychological Review, 85, 59-108, 1978), which has been shown to account for data from a wide range of paradigms, including perceptual discrimination, letter identification, lexical decision, recognition memory, and signal detection. Since its original inception, the model has become increasingly complex in order to account for subtle, but reliable, data patterns. The additional complexity of the diffusion model renders it a tool that is only for experts. In response, Wagenmakers et al. (Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 3-22, 2007) proposed that researchers could use a more basic version of the diffusion model, the EZ diffusion. Here, we simulate experimental effects on data generated from the full diffusion model and compare the power of the full diffusion model and EZ diffusion to detect those effects. We show that the EZ diffusion model, by virtue of its relative simplicity, will be sometimes better able to detect experimental effects than the data-generating full diffusion model. DOI: 10.3758/s13423-016-1081-y

Citation

van Ravenzwaaij, D., Donkin, C., & Vandekerckhove, J. (2017). The EZ diffusion model provides a powerful test of simple empirical effects. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 24, 547–556.

BibTeX

@article{vanravenzwaaij2017ez,
  title     = {The EZ diffusion model provides a powerful test of simple empirical effects},
  author    = {van Ravenzwaaij, D. and Donkin, C. and Vandekerckhove, J.},
  journal   = {Psychonomic Bulletin \& Review},
  year      = {2017},
  volume    = {24},
  pages     = {547--556},
  doi       = {10.3758/s13423-016-1081-y},
}